Publications

Reservoir Dynamics:

Modeling of complex flow in complex reservoir systems

  1. Babadagli, T.: "Temperature Effect on Heavy-Oil Recovery by Imbibition in Fractured Reservoirs" J. of Petroleum Science and Eng., Vol. 14, Nos.3/4, May 1996, 197-209. 

  2. Babadagli, T.: “Scaling of Co-Current and Counter-Current Capillary Imbibition for Surfactant and Polymer Injection in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs” SPE Journal (Dec. 2001) 465-478.  

  3. Babadagli, T.: “Evaluation of EOR Methods for Heavy-Oil Recovery in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs,” J. of Petroleum Science and Eng., vol. 37, no.1-2, Feb. 2003, 25-37.  

  4. Babadagli, T.: “Development of Mature Oil Fields – A Review,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 57, 2007, 221-246.

 

Conference versions:

  1. Babadagli, T.: “Dynamics of Capillary Imbibition When Surfactant, Polymer and Hot Water Are Used as Aqueous Phase”, J. Coll. and Int. Sci., vol. 246, no.1, Feb. 2002, 203-213. 

  2. Babadagli, T.: “Mature Field Development - A Review,” SPE 93884,  SPE EUROPEC / EAGE Annual Conf., Madrid, Spain, 13-16 Jun 2005.

  3. Babadagli, T. and Boluk, Y.: “Oil Recovery Performances of Surfactant Solutions by Capillary Imbibition,” J. Coll. and Int. Sci., vol. 282, no.1, Feb. 2005, 158-171. 
     

Complex displacement and EOR processes in porous media through micro and macro-scale experimental and modeling

  1. Babadagli, T.: "Heavy-Oil Recovery From Matrix During Thermal Applications in Fractured Reservoirs" In situ, Vol. 20, No. 3, 1996, 221-249.

  2. Babadagli, T.: “Efficiency of Capillary Imbibition Dominated Displacement of Non-Wetting Phase by Wetting Phase in Fractured Porous Media”, Transport in Porous Media, vol. 40, no: 3, Sept. 2000, 323-344.

  3. Babadagli, T. and Boluk, Y.: “Evaluation of Oil Recovery Performances of Surfactants Using Organic Conception Diagrams,” Technical Note, J. of Canadian Pet. Tech., Feb. 2006, 6-11.

  4. Babadagli, T. and Hatiboglu, C.U.: “Analysis of Counter-Current Gas-Water Capillary Imbibition at Different Temperatures,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 55, no.3-4 (Feb. 2007) 277-293. 

  5. Hamida, T. and Babadagli, T.: “Analysis of Capillary Interaction and Oil Recovery under Ultrasonic Waves,” Transport in Porous Media, 70 (2), 2007, 231-255.

  6. Sola, B.S., Rashidi, F. and Babadagli, T.: “Temperature Effects on the Heavy Oil-Water Relative Permeabilities of Carbonate Rocks,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 59, 2007, 27-42.

  7. Hamida, T. and Babadagli, T.: “Immiscible Displacement of Oil by Water in Consolidated Porous Media due to Capillary Imbibition under Ultrasonic Waves,” J. of the Acoustical Soc. of America, vol. 122 (3) Sept. 2007, 1539-1555.

  8. Hamida, T. and Babadagli, T.: “Fluid-Fluid Interaction during Miscible and Immiscible Displacement under Ultrasonic Waves,” European Phy. Jour. B, vol. 60, no. 4, 447-462, 2008.

  9. Naderi, K. and Babadagli, T.: “Clarifications on Oil/Heavy Oil Recovery under Ultrasonic Radiation through Core and 2-D Visualization Experiments,” J. Can. Petr. Tech., vol. 47, no. 11, Nov. 2008, 56-62.

  10. Hamida, T. and Babadagli, T.: “Effects of Ultrasonic Waves on the Interfacial Forces between Oil and Water,” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry (Short Communication-peer reviewed), vol 15, 2008, 274-278.

  11. Naderi, K. and Babadagli, T.: “Influence of Intensity and Frequency of Ultrasonic Waves on Capillary Interaction and Oil Recovery from Different Rock Types,” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, vol. 17, 500-508, 2009.

  12. Er, V. and Babadagli, T.: “Miscible Interaction between Matrix and Fracture – A Visualization and Simulation Study,” SPE Res. Eval. and Eng., vol. 13, no. 1, 109-117, Feb. 2010.

  13. Hatiboglu, C.U. and Babadagli, T.: “Experimental and Visual Analysis of Co- and Counter-Current Spontaneous Imbibition for Different Viscosity Ratios, Interfacial Tensions, and Wettabilities ,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 70, no. 3-4, 214-228, Feb. 2010.

  14. Er, V. and Babadagli, T. and Xu, Z.: “Pore Scale Investigation of Matrix-Fracture Interaction During CO2 Injection in Naturally Fractured Oil Reservoirs,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 24 (2), 1421-1430, 2010.

  15. Naderi, K. and Babadagli, T.: “Pore Scale Investigation of Immiscible Displacement Process in Porous Media under High Frequency Sound Waves,” J. Fluid Mech., vol. 680, 2011, 336-360.

  16. ​Naderi, K. and Babadagli, T.: “Visual Analysis of Displacement Processes in Porous Media under Ultrasound Effect,” Phys. Review E, vol. 83, no. 5, 056323/1-14, 2011.

  17. Babadagli, T.: “Laboratory flow tests and up-scaling of fluid flow in porous media:  Fifty-year history, today’s challenges, and the way forward,” J. Can. Petr. Tech. (in the special issue on its 50th anniversary), vol. 50, no. 1 (Jan.) 2011, 14-17 (invited).

  18. Al-Bahlani, A.M. and Babadagli, T.: “Visual Analysis of Diffusion Process During Oil Recovery Using Hydrocarbon Solvents and Thermal Methods,” Chem. Eng. J, vol. 181-182, 557-569, 2012.

  19. Zendehboudi, S., Ahmadi, M.A., Shafiei, A. and Babadagli, T.: “A Developed Smart Techniques to Predict Minimum Miscible Pressure – EOR Implications,” accepted for publication in Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 91, 1325-1337, July 2013.

  20. Arguelles, F. and Babadagli, T.: “Drainage Type Oil and Heavy-Oil Displacement in Circular Capillary Tubes:   Two- and Three-Phase Flow Characteristics and Residual Oil Saturation Development in the Form of Film at Different Temperatures,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 118, 61-73, 2014.

  21. Moreno, L. and Babadagli, T.: “Quantitative and Visual Characterization of Asphaltenic Components of Heavy-Oil and Bitumen Samples after Solvent Interaction at Different Temperatures and Pressures,” Fluid Phase Equilbria, vol. 366, 74-87, March 2014.

  22. Arguelles, F. and Babadagli, T.: “Residual Liquids Saturation Development During Two and Three Phase Flow under Gravity in Square Capillaries at Different Temperatures,” Int. J. of Heat and Fluid Flow, vol. 52, 1-14, 2014.

  23. Sugai, Y., Babadagli, T., and Sasaki, K..: “Consideration of an Effect of Interfacial Area between Oil and CO2 on Oil Swelling,” J. of Petrol. Explor. Prod. Technol., vol. 4, 105-112, 2014.

  24. Hamedi, Y. and Babadagli, T.: “Pore Scale Investigation of Phase Distribution and Residual Oil Development during Secondary and Tertiary Solvent Injection,” accepted for publication in SPE Res. Eval. and Eng., 2014 (to appear in vol. 18, no 1, -Feb. 2015- issue).

 

Complex displacement processes in porous media through micro to macro-scale modeling using non-classical modeling techniques

  1. Hatiboglu, C.U. and Babadagli, T.: “Lattice-Boltzmann Simulation of Solvent Diffusion into Oil Saturated Porous Media,” Phys. Review E, vol. 76, 066309-12, 2007.

  2. Hatiboglu, C.U. and Babadagli, T.: “Pore-Scale Studies of Spontaneous Imbibition into Oil-saturated Porous Media,” Phys. Review E, vol. 77, 066311-11, 2008.

  3. Hatiboglu, C.U. and Babadagli, T.: “Diffusion Mass Transfer in Miscible Oil Recovery:  Visual Experiments and Simulation,” Transport in Porous Media, vol. 74, 169-184, 2008.

  4. Stalgorova, K. and Babadagli, T.: “Modeling Miscible Injection in 2-D Fractured Porous Media Using Random Walk Simulation,” Chem. Eng. Sci., vol. 74, 93-104, 2012.

  5. Gunde, A.C., Babadagli, T., Roy, S.S. and Mitra, S.K.: “Pore-Scale Interfacial Dynamics and Oil-Water Relative Permeabilities of Capillary Driven Counter-Current Flow in Fractured Porous Media,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 103, 106-114, 2013.

  6. Stalgorova, K. and Babadagli, T.: “Modified Random Walk - Particle Tracking Model for CO2 Flooding/Sequestration in Naturally Fractured Oil Reservoirs,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., 2014 (to appear).
     

Modeling and optimization of complex/unconventional displacement processes at the field scale

  1. Hascakir, B., Babadagli, T. and Akin, S.: “Experimental and Numerical Simulation of Oil Recovery from Oil Shales by Electrical Heating,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 22, no. 6, Sept. 5, 2008, 3976-3985.

  2. Al-Bahlani, A.M. and Babadagli, T.: “SAGD Laboratory Experimental and Numerical Simulation Studies: A Review of Current Status and Future Issues,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 68, no. 3-4, 2009, 135-150.

  3. Hascakir, B., Babadagli, T. and Akin, S.: “Field Scale Analysis of Heavy-Oil Recovery by Electrical Heating,” SPE Res. Eval. and Eng., vol. 13, no. 1, 131-142, Feb. 2010.

  4. Al-Bahlani, A.M. and Babadagli, T.: “Field Scale Applicability and Efficiency Analysis of Steam-Over-Solvent Injection in Fractured Reservoirs (SOS-FR) Method for Heavy-Oil Recovery,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 78, 2011, 338-346.

  5. Davletbaev, A., Kovaleva, L., Babadagli, T. and Minnigalimov, R.: “Mathematical Modeling and Field Application of Heavy Oil Recovery by Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Stimulation” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 78, no. 3-4, 2011, 646-653.

  6. Kovaleva, L., Davletbaev, A., Babadagli, T. and Stepanova, Z.: “Effects of Electrical and Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Heating on the Mass Transfer Process During Miscible Injection for Heavy-Oil Recovery,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 25, no. 2, 482-486, 2011.

  7. Al-Bahlani, A.M. and Babadagli, T.: “SOS-FR (Solvent-Over-Steam Injection in Fractured Reservoir) Technique as a New Approach for Heavy-Oil and Bitumen Recovery: An Overview of the Method,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 25, 2011, 4528-4539.

  8. Al-Gosayir, M., Leung, J. and Babadagli, T.: “Design of Solvent-Assisted SAGD Processes in Heterogeneous Reservoirs Using Hybrid Optimization Techniques,” J. of Canadian Petr. Tech., vol. 51, no. 6, 437-448, Nov., 2012.

  9. Al-Gosayir, M., Babadagli, T. and Leung, J.: “Optimization of SAGD and Solvent Additive SAGD Applications: Comparative Analysis of Optimization Techniques with Improved Algorithm Configuration,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 98-99, 61-68, 2012.

  10. Greff, J. and Babadagli, T.: “Use of Nano-Metal Particles as Catalyst under Electromagnetic Heating for In-Situ Heavy Oil Recovery,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 112, 258-265, Dec. 2013.

  11. Al-Gosayir, M., Leung, J., Babadagli, T. and Al-Bahlani, A.M.: “Optimization of SOS-FR (Steam-Over-Solvent Injection in Fractured Reservoirs) Method Using Hybrid Techniques:  Testing Cyclic Injection Case,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 110, 74-84, 2013.

  12. Davletbaev, A., Kovaleva, L. and Babadagli, T.: “Heavy Oil Production by Electromagnetic Heating in Hydraulically Fractured Wells,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 28, 5737-5744, 2014.

  13. Keshavarz, M., Okuno, R. and Babadagli, T.: “Efficient Oil Displacement near the Chamber Edge in ES-SAGD,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 118, 99-113, 2014.

  14. Keshavarz, M., Okuno, R. and Babadagli, T.: “Optimal Application Conditions for Steam-Solvent Coinjection,” accepted for publication in SPE Res. Eval. and Eng., 2014 (to appear in vol. 18, no 1, -Feb. 2015- issue)..

  15. Keshavarz, M., Okuno, R. and Babadagli, T.: “A Semi-Analytical Solution to Optimize Single-Component Solvent Coinjection with Steam during SAGD,” Fuel, vol. 144 (March), 400-414, 2015.

 

Experimental analysis of the efficiency improvement of displacement processes through nano-materials and wettability analysis/alteration

  1. Hatiboglu, C. U. and Babadagli, T.: “Primary and Secondary Oil Recovery from Different Wettability Rocks by Counter-Current Diffusion and Spontaneous Imbibition,” SPE Res. Eval. and Eng., vol. 11, No. 2 (April 2008) 418-428.

  2. Arguelles, F., Babadagli, T., Little, L., Romaniuk, N. and Ozum, B.: “High Temperature-High Pressure Density, Viscosity and IFT Measurements of Bitumen-Pentane-Biodiesel and Process Water Mixtures,” J. Chemical Eng. Data, vol. 57, no. 10, 2878-2889, 2012.

  3. Hamedi, Y., Maham, Y., Tan, X., Babadagli, T. and Gray, M.: “Enhancement of the Efficiency of In-Situ Combustion Technique for Heavy-Oil Recovery by Application of Nickel Ions,” Fuel, vol. 105. 397-407, 2012.

  4. Babadagli, T. and Ozum, B.: “Biodiesel as Additive in High Pressure and Temperature Steam Recovery of Heavy-Oil and Bitumen,” Oil and Gas Sci. and Tech. – Revue de l’IFP, vol. 67, no. 3, 2012, 413-421.

  5. Leyva, H. and Babadagli, T.: “Optimal application conditions for heavy-oil/bitumen recovery by solvent injection at elevated temperatures,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 110, 199-209, 2013.

  6. Hamedi, Y. and Babadagli, T.: “In-situ Upgrading of Heavy Oil/Bitumen during Steam Injection using Nano Metal Particles: A Study on In-situ Catalysis and Catalyst Transportation,” SPE Res. Eval. and Eng., vol. 16, no. 3, 333-344, 2013.

  7. Hamedi, Y. and Babadagli, T.: “Stabilization of Nanometal Catalyst and Their Interaction with Oleic Phase in Porous Media during Enhanced Oil Recovery,” Ind. & Eng. Chem. Res., vol. 53, 8464-8475, 2014.

  8. Hamedi, Y. and Babadagli, T.: “Kinetics of the In-Situ Upgrading of Heavy Oil/Bitumen by Nickel Nanoparticle Catalysts and Its Effect on Recovery Factor of the CSS Process,” SPE Res. Eval. and Eng., vol. 17, no 3, 333-344, 2014.

  9. Moreno, L. and Babadagli, T.: “Optimal Application Conditions of Solvent Injection into Oilsands to Minimize the Effect of Asphaltene Deposition: An Experimental Investigation,” SPE Res. Eval. and Eng., vol. 17, no. 4, 530-546, 2014.

  10. Moreno, L. and Babadagli, T.: “Asphaltene Precipitation, Flocculation and Deposition During Solvent Injection at Elevated Temperatures for Heavy Oil Recovery,” Fuel, vol. 124, 202-211, March 2014.

  11. Hamedi, Y. and Babadagli, T.: “Viscosity Reduction of Heavy Oil and Bitumen Using Nano and Micro Metal Particles under Aqueous and non-Aqueous Thermal Applications,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 119, 210-220, 2014.

  12. Moreno, L. and Babadagli, T.: “Multilayer Organic Deposition on the Rock Surface with Different Wettabilities during Solvent Injection,” accepted for publication in J. of Canadian Chem. Eng., 2014.

 

Applications of EOR methods for specific field conditions

  1. Babadagli, T., Al-Bemani, A. Boukadi, F. and Al-Maamari, R.: “A Laboratory Feasibility Study of Dilute Surfactant Injection for the Yibal Field, Oman,” J. Pet. Sci. and Eng., vol 48, no 1-2, 2005, 37-52.

  2. Trivedi, J., Babadagli, T., Lavoie, R., and Nimchuk, D.: “Acid Gas Sequestration During Tertiary Oil Recovery: Optimal Injection Strategies and Importance of Operational Parameters,” J. Can. Petr. Tech., March 2007, 60-67.

  3. Babadagli, T., Al-Bemani, A., Boukadi, F. and Iyoho, W.A.: “Experimental and Numerical Evaluation of the Feasibility of Nitrogen Injection into a Mature-Layered-Light-Oil Reservoir,” Oil Gas European Magazine, vol. 33, June, 2/07, 2007, 83-87.

  4. Babadagli, T. and Al-Bemani, A.: “Investigations on Matrix Recovery During Steam Injection into Heavy-Oil Containing Carbonate Rocks,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 53, 2007, 259-274. 

  5. Babadagli, T., Sahin, S., Kalfa, U., Celebioglu, D., Karabakal, U. and Topguder, N.N.: “Evaluation of Steam Injection Potential and Improving Ongoing CO2 Injection of the Bati Raman Field, Turkey” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 68, no. 1-2, 2009, 107-117.

  6. Resnyanskiy, P. and Babadagli, T.: “Development of Marginal/Mature Oil Fields, A Case Study: The Sinclair Field,” J. Can. Petr. Tech., vol. 49, no. 4, 29-35 (April) 2010.

 

Modeling CO2 sequestration during EOR

  1. Babadagli, T. and Trivedi, J.:  “CO2 Injection for Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery,” Progress in Oilfield Chemistry: Managing Matured Fields and Wells (ed. István Lakatos) Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary, vol. 6, 2006.

  2. Babadagli, T.:  “Optimization of CO2 Injection For Sequestration/ Enhanced Oil Recovery and Current Status in Canada,” in: Advances in the Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide, eds. Lombardi S., Altunina L.K. and Beaubien S.E., NATO Science Series, Springer Publishing, Berlin, 2006.

  3. Trivedi, J. and Babadagli, T.: “Efficiency Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Sequestration during Miscible CO2 Injection in Fractured Oil Reservoirs,” Env. Sci. and Tech., vol. 42, no. 15, 2008, 5473-5479.

  4. Trivedi, J. and Babadagli, T.: “Oil Recovery and Sequestration Potential of Naturally Fractured Reservoirs During CO2 Injection,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 23, no 8, 2009, 4025-4036.

  5. Trivedi, J., and Babadagli, T.: “Experimental Investigations on the Flow Dynamics and Abandonment Pressure for CO2 Sequestration and Incremental Oil Recovery in Fractured Reservoirs: The Midale Field Case,” J. Can. Petr. Tech., vol. 49, no. 3, 22-27 (March) 2010.

  6. Huy, P.Q., Sasaki, K., Sugai, Y. Kreangkrai, M., and Babadagli, T.: “Numerical Simulation of CO2 Enhanced Coal Bed Methane Recovery for a Vietnamese Coal Seam,” Journal of Novel Carbon Resource Sciences, vol. 2, 1-7, Sept. 2010.

  7. Maneeintr, K., Babadagli, T., Sasaki, K. and Sugai, Y.: “Analysis of Heavy Oil Emulsion-Carbon Dioxide System on Oil-Swelling Factor and Interfacial Tension by Using Pendant Drop Method for Enhanced Oil Recovery and Carbon Dioxide Storage,” Int. J. of Environmental Science and Development, vol. 5, no 2, 118-123, 2014.

 

New methods/technologies in heavy-oil/bitumen recovery

  1. Hamida, T. and Babadagli, T.: "Displacement of Oil by Different Interfacial Tension Fluids under Ultrasonic Waves," Coll. and Surf. A:  Phy. and Eng. Aspect, vol. 316, 176-189, March., 2008.

  2. Babadagli, T. and Al-Bahlani, A.M.: "Hydrocarbon Recovery Process for Fractured Reservoirs" Canadian Patent Application, Serial No: 2,639,997 filed on Oct. 6, 2008, International Patent Application Serial No. PCT/CA2009/001366, Oct. 5, 2009.

  3. Naderi, K. and Babadagli, T.: “Influence of Intensity and Frequency of Ultrasonic Waves on Capillary Interaction and Oil Recovery from Different Rock Types,” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, vol. 17, 500-508, 2009.

  4. Babadagli, T., Er, V., Naderi, K., Burkus, Z. and Ozum, B.: “Use of Biodiesel as an Additive in Thermal Recovery of Heavy-Oil and Bitumen,” J. Can. Petr. Tech., vol 49, no. 11, 2010.

  5. Al-Bahlani, A.M. and Babadagli, T.: “SOS-FR (Solvent-Over-Steam Injection in Fractured Reservoir) Technique as a New Approach for Heavy-Oil and Bitumen Recovery: An Overview of the Method,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 25, 2011, 4528-4539.

  6. Singh, R. and Babadagli, T.: “Mechanics and Up-scaling of Heavy-Oil Bitumen Recovery by Steam-Over-Solvent Injection in Fractured Reservoirs (SOS-FR) Method,” J. Can. Petr. Tech.,  vol. 50, no. 1, (Jan) 2011, 33-42.

  7. Pathak, V., Babadagli, T. and Edmunds, N.R.: “Mechanics of Heavy Oil and Bitumen Recovery by Hot Solvent Injection,” SPE Res. Eval. and Eng., vol. 15, no. 2, 182-194, April 2012.

  8. Babadagli, T. and Ozum, B.: “Biodiesel as Additive in High Pressure and Temperature Steam Recovery of Heavy-Oil and Bitumen,” Oil and Gas Sci. and Tech. – Revue de l’IFP, vol. 67, no. 3, 2012, 413-421.

  9. Pathak, V., Babadagli, T. and Edmunds, N.R.: “Mechanics of Heavy Oil and Bitumen Recovery by Hot Solvent Injection,” SPE Res. Eval. and Eng., vol. 15, no. 2, 182-194, April 2012.

  10. Al-Bahlani, A.M. and Babadagli, T.: “Laboratory Scale Experimental Analysis of Steam-Over-Solvent Injection in Fractured Reservoirs (SOS-FR) for Heavy-Oil Recovery,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 84-85, 42-56, 2012.

  11. Pathak, V., Babadagli, T. and Edmunds, N.R.: “Experimental Investigation of Bitumen Recovery from Fractured Carbonates Using Hot-Solvents,” J. of Canadian Petr. Tech., vol. 52, no. 4, 289-295, 2013.

  12. Majorowicz, J., Hofmann, H. and Babadagli, T.: “Deep Geothermal Heat Storage under Oilsands: Can We Use it to Help Oilsands Industry? New EGS Concept Proposed,” GRC Transactions, vol. 37, 173-178, 2013.

  13. Naderi, K., Babadagli, T. and Coskuner, G.: “Bitumen Recovery by the SOS-FR (Steam-Over-Solvent Injection in Fractured Reservoirs) Method:  An Experimental Study on Grosmont Carbonates,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 27, 6501-6517, 2013.

  14. Babadagli, T. and Al-Bahlani, A.M.: "Hydrocarbon Recovery Process for Fractured Reservoirs" U.S. Patent, Application Serial No: 13/121,682 filed on March 29, 2011, granted on Aug. 26, (U.S. Patent No. 8,813,846), 2014.

  15. Pathak, V., Babadagli. T., Majorowicz, J. and Unsworth, M.: “Evaluation of Engineered Geothermal Systems as a Heat Source for Oilsands Production in Northern Alberta,” Natural Resources Research, vol. 23, no. 2, 247-265, June 2014.

  16. Hofmann, H., Babadagli, T., and Zimmermann, G.: “Hot Water Generation for Oil Sands Processing from Enhanced Geothermal Systems: Process Simulation for Different Hydraulic Fracturing Scenarios,” Applied Energy, vol. 113, 524-547, 2014.


 

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