The Multiple Gas #3 is a SRI 8610C Gas Chromatograph system. It is used for the analysis of gases such as oxygen, nitrogen, carbon mono/dioxide, and other non hydrocarbons or hydrocarbons, or simple mixtures. Two packed columns are in use: a 2 meter Haysep-D column and a 2 meter MoleSieve 13X column.
Detector: combined TCD/FID
Temperature control: Programmable
Gas flow control: Electronic pressure control
Simulated Distillation Analyzer (450-GC)
The Simulated Distillation (SimDist) Analyzer (Bruker Chemical Analysis) is a highly automated 450 GC, controlled by CompassCDS software integrated SimDist software. It is capable of reproducing the physical distillation of petroleum materials and products such as distillates, blends, fuels, residues and crude oil, ranging from carbon number C1 to C120 by determining boiling point distribution up to 750°C, delivers fast, accurate standard test method results. The CompassCDS SimDist software incorporates all of the ASTM, DIN, IP and ISO methods associated with Simulated Distillation analysis, which provides a quantitative percent mass yield as a function of boiling point of the hydrocarbons of the sample.
Dual high temperature FID detector, temperature programmable up to 450°C
Dual injector, 1079 PVT injector for light gas oil and 1093 COC injector for high temperature boiling point distribution
CP-8400 autosampler accommodates up to 100 samples using 2ml vials
DV-11+ Pro Viscosimeter
The Brookfield Programmable LVDV-II+ Viscometer is capable of making a rapid measurement of absolute viscosity of fluid in small sample volume. It continuously senses and displays viscosity, temperature, % torque and speed (rpm).
J257Digital Refractometer (Rudolph Research Analytical) is a fully Automatic Digital Refractometer, featuring electronic cooling and heating with an extended refractive index (RI) measurement range. This instrument is capable of measuring many materials.
Measurement Range: 1.26 – 1.70 RI; 0 – 100 BRIX
Resolution: 0.0001 RI; 0.01 BRIX
Optical wavelength: 589.3 nm
Temperature control range: 15-70°C
The lab-scale Rotavapor R-210 (BUCHI) can be used for separating solvent from product. It comes with vacuum controller, vacuum pump and recirculating chiller allows you to evaporate your solvents in the most efficient and gentle way. The heating bath, for water or oil, covers a wide temperature range from 20 – 180°C. A large, clear graphic display continuously shows the actual temperature and the temperature setpoint.
Vacuum Controller V-850 for vacuum regulation to a specified setpoint
Flask size: 50 – 4000 ml
Rotation speed: 20 - 280 rpm
DDM Density Meter R-210
The DDM 2910 Density Meter (RUDOLPH Research Analytical), with high precision Peltier, has the features to meet the needs of many industries such as petroleum, chemical, pharmaceutical and beverage for the measurement of density, specific gravity and concentration for liquids and gases.
Measurement range: Density: 0 to 3 g/cm3 Temperature: 0°C to 95°C
Refractive index measurement for oil and solvent mixtures
Correlating thermophysical properties of hydrocarbons to their refractive index
Measurement range: 1.26-1.72
Temperature control range: 10 C-110°C
Temperature control reproducibility: ±0.01°C
AxioStar Plus Upright Microscope
AxioStar Plus Upright Microscope (Carl Zeiss) is equipped with a fluorescence module for reflected-light illumination. A filter slider permits up to three fluorescence cubes to be used simultaneously. Fluorescence excitation is provided by the proven HBO 50 mercury lamp. Magnification range of it is 5x, 10x, 20x, 40x, and 100x.
AxioStar Upright Microscope (Carl Zeiss)
AxioStar Plus Upright Microscope (Carl Zeiss) has a magnification range of 4x, 10x, 40x, and 100x.
Stemi 2000-C stereo Microscope
Stemi 2000-C stereo Microscope (Carl Zeiss) produces three-dimensional, laterally correct and upright images. The objects examined are reproduced in a true-to-life way with an outstanding impression of depth. Its major benefits include large object fields and large working distances. Magnification range: 0.65x - 5.0x
FiveEasy™ pH Meter
This compact pH meter gives rapid and reliable results. It is suitable for a wide range of applications in various areas, such as water and environmental analysis, as well as the food and beverage industry.
Measurement range: pH 0.00-14.00, 0-100 °C
Resolution: 0.01 pH
SPECIALIZED APPARATUS: Steam Injection for Heavy Oil Recovery with Chemical Additives
Dynamic sandpack experiments can be conducted to simulate steam injection for heavy oil recovery with chemical additives. This setup can be used for both gravity drainage (SAGD) and steamflooding type processes. The system consists of a steam generation unit, a sandpacked core holder, a production unit and a data acquisition unit.
Bruns, F. and Babadagli, T.: “Initial Screening of New Generation Chemicals Using Sandpac Flooding Tests for Recovery Improvement of Gravity Driven Steam Applications,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 194, 107462, 2020.
Bruns, F. and Babadagli, T.: “Recovery Improvement of Gravity Driven Steam Applications Using New Generation Chemical Additives,” SPE 185714, 2017 SPE Western Reg. Meet., Bakersfield, CA, USA, 23-27 Apr.
Bruns, F. and Babadagli, T.: “Recovery Improvement of Gravity Driven Steam Applications Using New Generation Chemical Additives,” SPE 190083, 2018 SPE Western Reg. Meet., Garden Grove, CA, USA, 22-17 Apr.
SPECIALIZED APPARATUS: SAGD Visualization Setup with Hele-Shaw Cell
Performance of chemical additives to steam can be tested through visualization experiments. A visual Hele-Shaw model was designed to identify the physical characteristics of the steam-condensate-oil interface and the role played by added chemicals.
Bruns, F. and Babadagli, T.: “Heavy-Oil Recovery Improvement by Additives to Steam Injection: Identifying Underlying Mechanisms and Chemical Selection through Visual Experiments,” J. Petr. Sci. and Eng., vol. 188, 106897, 2020.
Huang, J. and Babadagli, T.: Efficiency Improvement of Heavy-Oil Recovery by Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage Injection Using New Generation Chemicals. Energy Fuels, vol. 34(4): 4433–4447.
Huang, J. and Babadagli, T.:Mechanics of SAGD Efficiency Improvement Using Combination of Chemicals: An Experimental Analysis through 2D Visual Models. SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering, preprint, SPE-199940-MS.
Huang, J. and Babadagli, T.: SAGD Efficiency Improvement Using Chemicals: A Visual Analysis for Proper Chemical Formulation and Optimal Injection Strategies. SPE Canada Virtual Heavy Oil Conference, 28 Sep - 2 Oct. SPE-199940.
SPECIALIZED APPARATUS: Cyclic Steam Stimulation (CSS) for Heavy Oil Recovery
This setup is used to simulate the Cyclic Steam Stimulation (CSS) process. Steam is generated and injected into the oil saturated sandpack model. Production will be commenced after a period of soaking time. Nanoparticles, such as nickel can be used to promote aquathermolysis reaction during CSS.
Farooqui, J., Babadagli, T. and Li, H.: Improvement of the Recovery Factor Using Nano-Metal Particles at the Late Stages of Cyclic Steam Stimulation. SPE Canada Heavy Oil Technical Conference, 9-11 June, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 2015.
Yi, S., Babadagli, T. and Li, H.: Use of Nickel Nanoparticles for Promoting Aquathermolysis Reaction During Cyclic Steam Stimulation. International Petroleum Technology Conference, 14-16 November, Bangkok, Thailand, 2016.
Yi, S., Babadagli, T. and Li, H.: Catalytic-Effect Comparison Between Nickel and Iron Oxide Nanoparticles During Aquathermolysis-Aided Cyclic Steam Stimulation. SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering, vol. 23, 2020.